Zhuge Liang (Kong Ming)
The Original "Hidden Dragon"
The following is an abstract outline of Zhuge Liang's Sixteen Strategies:
- Governing a country
Be as "unerring as the North Star"
- Ties between the ruler and subjects
Let respect and loyalty become the only set of links between the ruler and his subjects.
- Observing and listening
Be a leader with a good strategic understanding of the situation at hand. Keep your mind on the game and your eye on the target.
- Acceptance of advice
Be receptive and kind to other people's ideas.
- Being perceptive
Be perceptive of all details (large and small) and make a clear distinction between the attribute of right and wrong.
- Managing people
In order to win people over to your side, educate them.
- Selection of people
Seek the worthy and employ the talented.
- Performance evaluation
Promote the praiseworthy and dismiss the average performers and producers.
- Military administration
Play the game effectively and win by sound strategy development.
- Rewards and punishments
While you reward those who deliver a clean, efficient administration, you should punish those who do not.
- On emotion
Do not make decisions via emotion.
- Controlling chaos
Be careful when handling a chaotic situation.
- Education and orders
Rectify oneself first when issuing orders.
- Dealing with difficulties
Act decisively to eliminate the cause of chaos.
- Looking ahead
Be farsighted and cautious when planning.
Commit one's self to strive only for success.